The dried fruit used both as whole cumin seed and or as powdered form is esteemed as a condiment in most spice eating cultures. Cumin is used as a flavoring agent and an essential component in many ethnic dishes of Indian Curries, Snacks, Mexican foods, and Latin American cuisines. Cumin, a small, annual herbaceous plant of Apiacae family, grows to a height of about 25 cm. The flowers are small with white or pink color in compound umbels form. The seeds come as paired or separate carpel, about 3-6mm long. They have a striped pattern having nine ridges and oil canals. The cumin seeds are small, hairy, boat-shaped, tapering at each extremity, with tiny stalks attached. Cumin seeds are brown-yellow in color. The plants bloom in June and July. The seeds are normally ready four months after planting. The plants are cut when the seeds turn to brown and then thresh and dry to collect the cumin seeds.
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